Why Today's Students Need Media Literacy More Than Ever


Media Literacy

The word “media” is often misused in public discourse. Politicians, for example, might blame the media for portraying them in a bad light. But the term “media” covers much more than the nightly news or a major news organization’s website.

Media and mass media include a wide variety of content that people spend their time reading, watching and experiencing. They include:

  • News programs on television, radio, online and in print
  • Opinions, often on websites, that are based on the news
  • Advertisements
  • Marketing messages
  • Video games
  • Music streaming apps
  • Online video streaming companies
  • Social media posts

And those are just the major media sources. The billboard on your drive to school is media. So is the sign in the storefront offering something for sale. With the internet, anyone with an idea and an online connection can become a producer of media through a website or via social media.

Age of Media Saturation

We live in an era of media saturation. Here are some statistics that put hard numbers to what most people already instinctively know. 

  • The average U.S. citizen spends 721 minutes per day with media, according to Statistica
  • Television remains the primary media outlet, with the average U.S. citizen spending 238 minutes a day watching television
  • Estimates vary on the exact number, but most experts agree the average person sees thousands of advertising messages a day
  • Studies have shown that the average person is exposed to 10,000 “brand” marketing messages a day, according to the American Marketing Association

It’s a consumer-driven world. Even news hours on major cable networks can include 16 commercials every hour. And it climbs even higher when watching sports or prime time television.

Why Is Media Literacy So Important?

It helps to navigate a media-saturated world when you have learned to always ask (and hopefully answer) two questions: What is the intent of the message and who created it?

These two questions form the basis of media literacy.

For teachers, they can play a significant role in helping students understand the differences in media outlets, the messages they receive and ethical methods for producing their own media.

It’s becoming increasingly important for teachers to understand how to teach media literacy. Fresno Pacific University offers a number of courses in media literacy for teachers that can eventually lead to college credit.

Benefits of Media Literacy

The benefits of media literacy for students are multiple. First and foremost, media literacy helps students become wiser consumers of media as well as responsible producers of their own media. Along those same lines, teaching media literacy helps to foster critical thinking in students. This type of thinking can eventually become second nature, which will help them in many areas as they grow older. The focus is more on strengthening process skills, not content knowledge.

In a larger context, media literacy also fosters the skills that help people work together in collaboration because it encourages respectful discourse and builds citizenship skills.  

Media literacy will continue to play a key role in creating a new generation that can retain critical thinking skills in the midst of a media blizzard. It’s an area where teachers who learn about media literacy can have a profound impact.

Media Literacy


Related Articles

A teacher guides a group of students as they work together on a school project.
Friday, July 23, 2021

4 Ways to Teach Empathy to Kids

Teaching empathy in the classroom allows students to develop the emotional and cognitive skills they need throughout life. Learn empathy education at FPU.
 A young student works on her Chromebook
Monday, July 26, 2021

Updating Your Digital Art Curriculum

Create a digital art curriculum using Chromebook and a selection of cloud-based apps. Engage your students with fun digital art projects.
A teenage girl sits on a couch with her head in her hands.
Thursday, July 29, 2021

How to Identify Teen Substance Abuse: A Guide to Help Struggling Teens

Teen substance abuse is a serious, persistent challenge for teachers. Learn best practices for detecting and managing teen addiction at FPU.