The word “media” is often misused in public discourse. Politicians, for example, might blame the media for portraying them in a bad light. But the term “media” covers much more than the nightly news or a major news organization’s website.
Media and mass media include a wide variety of content that people spend their time reading, watching and experiencing. They include:
- News programs on television, radio, online and in print
- Opinions, often on websites, that are based on the news
- Marketing messages
- Video games
- Music streaming apps
- Online video streaming companies
- Social media posts
And those are just the major media sources. The billboard on your drive to school is media. So is the sign in the storefront offering something for sale. With the internet, anyone with an idea and an online connection can become a producer of media through a website or via social media.
Age of Media Saturation
We live in an era of media saturation. Here are some statistics that put hard numbers to what most people already instinctively know.
- The average U.S. citizen spends 721 minutes per day with media, according to Statistica
- Television remains the primary media outlet, with the average U.S. citizen spending 238 minutes a day watching television
- Estimates vary on the exact number, but most experts agree the average person sees thousands of advertising messages a day
- Studies have shown that the average person is exposed to 10,000 “brand” marketing messages a day, according to the American Marketing Association
It’s a consumer-driven world. Even news hours on major cable networks can include 16 commercials every hour. And it climbs even higher when watching sports or prime time television.
Why Is Media Literacy So Important?
It helps to navigate a media-saturated world when you have learned to always ask (and hopefully answer) two questions: What is the intent of the message and who created it?
These two questions form the basis of media literacy.
For teachers, they can play a significant role in helping students understand the differences in media outlets, the messages they receive and ethical methods for producing their own media.
It’s becoming increasingly important for teachers to understand how to teach media literacy. Fresno Pacific University offers a number of courses in media literacy for teachers that can eventually lead to college credit.
Benefits of Media Literacy
The benefits of media literacy for students are multiple. First and foremost, media literacy helps students become wiser consumers of media as well as responsible producers of their own media. Along those same lines, teaching media literacy helps to foster critical thinking in students. This type of thinking can eventually become second nature, which will help them in many areas as they grow older. The focus is more on strengthening process skills, not content knowledge.
In a larger context, media literacy also fosters the skills that help people work together in collaboration because it encourages respectful discourse and builds citizenship skills.
Media literacy will continue to play a key role in creating a new generation that can retain critical thinking skills in the midst of a media blizzard. It’s an area where teachers who learn about media literacy can have a profound impact.